A Justification and Approval (J&A) document is required if the Contracting Officer needs to award a contract without competition.
Federal Acquisition Regulation #6.302 lists the circumstances in which this is permitted
- Only One Responsible Source. No Other Supplies or Services Will Satisfy Agency Requirements.
- Unusual and Compelling Urgency.
- Industrial Mobilization; Engineering, Developmental, or Research Capability; or Expert Services.
- International Agreement.
- Authorized or Required by Statute.
- National Security.
- Public Interest.
The Contracting Officer must get written approval before going ahead, and must include the rationale for the decision, with supporting data. J&A notices are often posted to FedBizOpps.